SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF CABLE-SLIDING MODULAR EXPANSION JOINTS SUBJECT TO NEAR-FAULT GROUND MOTION

Authors

  • KANG GAO STATE KEY LABORATORY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING IN CHINA TONGJI UNIVERSITY
  • WANCHENG YUAN STATE KEY LABORATORY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING IN CHINA TONGJI UNIVERSITY
  • SASA CAO STATE KEY LABORATORY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING IN CHINA TONGJI UNIVERSITY
  • YUTAO PANG STATE KEY LABORATORY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING IN CHINA TONGJI UNIVERSITY

Keywords:

NEAR-FAULT GROUND MOTION, THE EFFECT IN LIMITING RELATIVE DISPLACE-MENT, CABLE-SLIDING MODULAR EXPANSION JOINTS (CMEJS), SEISMIC ISOLATION BRIDGE, VELOCITY PULSE EFFECT

Abstract

ACCORDING TO THE RESEARCH FRUITS OF THE DIVERSE DAMAGES OF BRIDGE IN THE PAST, BEARINGS' INVALIDATION IS THE MAIN REASON OF THE DAM-AGE OF ISOLATED BRIDGES AND CAUSES OVERSIZED RELATIVE DISPLACEMENTS BETWEEN PIER AND GIRDER. EVENTUALLY, IT MAY LEAD TO SEVERE COLLISION OF SUPERSTRUCTURE. IT IS EXTREMELY DANGEROUS WHEN NEAR-FAULT MOTION OCCURS, BECAUSE IT HAS OBVIOUS VELOCITY PULSE EFFECT AND INCREASES THE RISK OF COLLIDING BETWEEN GIRDERS. AIMING AT THIS PROBLEM, THIS PAPER PUTS FORWARD A DEVICE NAMED CABLE-SLIDING MODULAR EXPANSION JOINTS (CMEJS) THAT CAN CONTROL THE RELATIVE DISPLACEMENT AND AVOID COLLISION. THE WORKING PRINCIPLE AND MECHANICAL MODEL ARE DESCRIBED, AND THEN BASED ON A TRIPLE CONTINUOUS SEISMIC ISOLATION BRIDGE WHICH HAS DIFFERENT HEIGHTS OF PIERS, A 3D MODEL WITH OR WITHOUT CMEJS IS ESTAB-LISHED. THE RESPONSES OF CONTINUOUS BEAM BRIDGES USING THE CMEJS ARE COMPREHENSIVELY INSPECTED UNDER THE CONSIDERATION OF THE VELOCITY PULSE EFFECT, AND THEN A REAL SIMULATION OF LIMIT PER-FORMANCE OF CMEJS IS MADE, FOCUSED ON CMEJS' RESTRAINING EFFECT. THE CALCULATION SHOWS THAT VELOCITY PULSE EFFECT WOULD MAGNI-FY THE SEISMIC RESPONSE OF ISOLATION BRIDGES. IN ADDITION, THE DEVICE CAN WELL CONTROL THE DISPLACEMENT AND PREVENT COLLISIONS. AND THE ISOLATION TECHNOLOGY COMBINED WITH CMEJS CAN BE MORE EFFECTIVE TO PLAY THEIR RESPECTIVE ROLES. THE ADVANTAGE IN CONTROLLING DIS-PLACEMENT IS OBVIOUS.

Published

2014-12-17

Issue

Section

Articles