A TIMOSHENKO PIEZOELECTRIC BEAM FINITE ELEMENT WITH CONSISTENT PERFORMANCE IRRESPECTIVE OF GEOMETRIC AND MATERIAL CONFIGURATIONS
Keywords:COUPLED FIELD, FINITE ELEMENTS, INDUCED POTENTIAL, PIEZOELECTRIC, SMART STRUCTURES
AbstractTHE CONVENTIONAL TIMOSHENKO PIEZOELECTRIC BEAM FINITE ELEMENTS BASED ON FIRST-ORDER SHEAR DEFORMATION THEORY (FSDT) DO NOT MAINTAIN THE ACCURACY AND CONVERGENCE CONSISTENTLY OVER THE APPLICABLE RANGE OF MATERIAL AND GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES. IN THESE ELEMENTS, THE INACCURACY ARISES DUE TO THE INDUCED POTENTIAL EFFECTS IN THE TRANSVERSE DIRECTION AND INEFFICIENCY ARISES DUE TO THE USE OF INDEPENDENTLY ASSUMED LINEAR POLYNOMIAL INTERPOLATION OF THE FIELD VARIABLES IN THE LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION. IN THIS WORK, A NOVEL FSDT-BASED PIEZOELECTRIC BEAM FINITE ELEMENT IS PROPOSED WHICH IS DEVOID OF THESE DEFICIENCIES. A VARIATIONAL FORMULATION WITH CONSISTENT THROUGH-THICKNESS POTENTIAL IS DEVELOPED. THE GOVERNING EQUILIBRIUM EQUATIONS ARE USED TO DERIVE THE COUPLED FIELD RELATIONS. THESE RELATIONS ARE USED TO DEVELOP A POLYNOMIAL INTERPOLATION SCHEME WHICH PROPERLY ACCOMMODATES THE BENDING-EXTENSION, BENDING-SHEAR AND INDUCED POTENTIAL COUPLINGS TO PRODUCE ACCURATE RESULTS IN AN EFFICIENT MANNER. IT IS NOTEWORTHY THAT THIS CONSISTENTLY ACCURATE AND EFFICIENT BEAM FINITE ELEMENT USES THE SAME NODAL VARIABLES AS OF CONVENTIONAL FSDT FORMULATIONS AVAILABLE IN THE LITERATURE. COMPARISON OF NUMERICAL RESULTS PROVES THE CONSISTENT ACCURACY AND EFFICIENCY OF THE PROPOSED FORMULATION IRRESPECTIVE OF GEOMETRIC AND MATERIAL CONFIGURATIONS, UNLIKE THE CONVENTIONAL FORMULATIONS.
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