CRASHWORTHINESS ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF FUSELAGE SECTION WITH SUB-FLOOR COMPOSITE SINUSOIDAL SPECIMENS

Authors

  • HAOLEI MOU CIVIL AVIATION UNIVERSITY OF CHINA
  • TIANCHUN ZOU
  • ZHENYU FENG
  • JIANG XIE

Keywords:

CRASHWORTHINESS, FINITE ELEMENT METHOD, FUSELAGE SECTION, COMPO-SITE SINUSOIDAL SPECIMENS, FAILURE MODES, ACCELERATION RESPONSES

Abstract

CRASHWORTHINESS IS ONE OF THE MAIN CONCERNS IN CIVIL AVIATION SAFETY PARTICULARLY WITH REGARD TO THE INCREASING RATIO OF CARBON FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC (CFRP) IN AIRCRAFT PRIMARY STRUCTURES. IN ORDER TO GENERATE DATES FOR MODEL VALIDATIONS, THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF T700/3234 WERE OBTAINED BY MATERIAL PERFORMANCE TESTS, AND ENERGY-ABSORBING RESULTS WERE GAINED BY QUASI-STATIC CRUSHING TESTS OF COMPOSITE SINUSOIDAL SPECIMENS. THE CORRECTNESS OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL MODEL AND SINGLE-LAYER FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF COMPOSITE SINUSOIDAL SPECIMENS WERE VERIFIED BASED ON THE SIMULATION RESULTS AND TEST RESULTS THAT WERE IN GOOD AGREEMENT. A TYPICAL CIVIL AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE SECTION WITH COMPOSITE SINUSOIDAL SPECIMENS UNDER CARGO FLOOR WAS SUGGESTED. THE CRASHWORTHINESS OF FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF FUSELAGE SECTION WAS ASSESSED BY SIMULATING THE VERTICAL DROP TEST SUBJECTED TO 7 M/S IMPACT VELOCITY, AND THE INFLUENCES OF DIFFERENT THICKNESS OF SUB-FLOOR COMPOSITE SINUSOIDAL SPECIMENS ON CRASHWORTHINESS OF FUSELAGE SECTION WERE ALSO ANALYZED. THE SIMULATION RESULTS SHOW THAT THE ESTABLISHED FINITE ELEMENT MODEL CAN ACCURATELY SIMULATE THE CRUSHING PROCESS OF COMPOSITE SINUSOIDAL SPECIMENS; THE FAILURE PROCESS OF FUSELAGE SECTION IS MORE STABLE, AND THE SAFETY OF OCCUPANTS CAN BE EFFECTIVELY IMPROVED BECAUSE OF THE SMALLER PEAK ACCELERATIONS THAT WAS LIMITED TO HUMAN TOLERANCE, A CRITICAL THICKNESS OF SUB-FLOOR COMPOSITE SINUSOIDAL SPECIMENS CAN RESTRICT THE MAGNITUDE OF ACCELERATION PEAKS, WHICH HAS CERTAIN REFERENCE VALUES FOR ENHANCING CRASHWORTHINESS CAPABILITIES OF FUSELAGE SECTION AND IMPROVING THE SURVIVABILITY OF PASSENGERS.

Published

2016-02-27

Issue

Section

Articles