Main Article Content

MARCELO S. MEDEIROS JR.
EVANDRO PARENTE JÚNIOR
ANTÔNIO MACÁRIO CARTAXO DE MELO

Abstract

THE ASSESSMENT OF THE DIFFERENCES IN RESULTS OBTAINED FROM VARIOUS MICROMECHANICS HOMOGENIZATION SCHEMES, AS WELL AS THE IMPLICATIONS OF ASSUMING DIFFERENT VOLUME FRACTION PROFILES WAS CARRIED OUT IN THE PRESENT WORK. THE FUNCTIONALLY GRADED COMPOSITE CHOSEN FOR THE ANALYSIS WAS AL/SIC AND COMPARISONS WERE MADE IN TERMS OF STRESS AND STRAIN DISTRIBUTIONS ALONG THE WALL OF AN INTERNALLY PRESSURIZED HOLLOW CYLINDER. DIFFERENT MICROMECHANICS HOMOGENIZATION SCHEMES WERE IMPLEMENTED INTO ABAQUS AS USER-DEFINED SUBROUTINES (UMAT). THE NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS WERE COMPARED TO A SET OF ANALYTICAL SOLUTIONS AVAILABLE IN THE LITERATURE. THE OBTAINED RESULTS VARIED SUBSTANTIALLY ACCORDING TO THE HOMOGENIZATION SCHEME EMPLOYED.  IT WAS ALSO FOUND THAT THE TYPE OF FUNCTION CHOSEN TO DESCRIBE THE VOLUME FRACTION DISTRIBUTION PLAYS A MAJOR ROLE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HOOP STRESSES. ADDITIONALLY, THE FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS SHOWED SIGNIFICANT STRESS VARIATION WHEN THE ACTUAL VOLUME FRACTION DISTRIBUTION WAS USED. THESE GRADIENTS DID NOT APPEAR WHEN THE SAME PROFILE WAS APPROXIMATED BY SMOOTH EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS. THIS PAPER POINTS OUT SOME IMPORTANT ISSUES RELATED TO COMMON PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH THE ANALYSIS OF FGM COMPOSITES AND SERVES AS AN OVERTURE TO A MORE IN-DEPTH DISCUSSION OF SUCH PROBLEMS

Article Details

Section
Articles