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THE EFFECT OF FABRIC ANISOTROPY ON STRENGTH HAS NOT BEEN CONSIDERED IN MOST STRENGTH CRITERIONS FOR GRANULAR MATERIAL. SOME CRITERIONS CAN DESCRIBE THE VARIATION OF MATERIAL STRENGTH WITH STRESS-INDUCED ANISOTROPY, BUT MICRO-MECHANISM AND PHYSICAL MEANINGS ARE UNDEFINED. SOME CRITERIONS CONSIDER THE EFFECT OF FABRIC ANISOTROPY, BUT THE EVOLUTION OF FABRIC IS IGNORED DURING LOADING BY ASSUMING A CONSTANT FABRIC TENSOR. BASED ON STRENGTH MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GRANULAR MATERIAL, IN THIS PAPER, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MACRO STRESS AND MICRO CONTACT FORCE OF GRANULAR MATERIAL IS DERIVED BY MICROMECHANICS. THEN, THE CONCEPT OF TRUE STRESS TENSOR IS PROPOSED. AN ANISOTROPIC STRENGTH CRITERION OF GRANULAR MATERIAL CONSIDERING FABRIC EVOLUTION IS ESTABLISHED AND ITS APPLICABILITY IS VALIDATED BY COMPARING WITH TEST RESULTS FOR DIFFERENT GRANULAR MATERIALS. THE ANALYSIS RESULTS INDICATE THAT THE PROPOSED ANISOTROPIC CRITERION CAN BE UTILIZED TO DESCRIBE THE STRENGTH FEATURE OF ANISOTROPIC GRANULAR MATERIALS, WHICH GIVES A WAY FOR THE CAUSE ANALYSIS OF THE STRENGTH OF GRANULAR MATERIALS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MICROSCOPIC MECHANISM.
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