INVESTIGATION OF THE HEAVE DYNAMICS OF AIR CUSHION VEHICLES (ACV): PARAMETRIC AND CHAOTIC STUDIES

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AHMED SOWAYAN
KHALID ALSAIF

Abstract

A HIGHLY NON-LINEAR MODEL FOR THE DYNAMICS BEHAVIOR OF AIR CUSHION VEHICLES (ACV) IS PRESENTED. IN THIS MODEL THE COMPRESSIBLE BERNOULLI'S EQUATION, THE NEWTON'S SECOND LAW OF MOTION, AND THE NONLINEAR ISENTROPIC RELATIONS ARE USED TO PREDICT THE DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF THE VERTICAL RESPONSE OF THE ACV IN BOTH TIME AND FREQUENCY DOMAINS. IN THIS PAPER THE MASS FLOW RATE INSIDE THE AIR CUSHION VOLUME OF THE ACV IS MAINTAINED CONSTANT. IN ORDER TO ASSIST IN THE DESIGN PROCESS OF SUCH VEHICLES, THE SELF EXCITED RESPONSE AND THE CUSHION PRESSURE OF THE ACV ARE CALCULATED TO UNDERSTAND THE DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF THESE VEHICLES.  IT IS SHOWN IN THIS STUDY THAT THE MASS FLOW RATE AND THE LENGTH OF THE VEHICLE'S SKIRT ARE THE MOST SIGNIFICANT PARAMETERS WHICH CONTROL THE STEADY STATE BEHAVIOR OF THE SELF EXCITED OSCILLATIONS OF THE ACV.  AN EQUATION TO PREDICT THE TRANSIENT TIME OF THE OSCILLATORY RESPONSE OR THE SETTLING TIME IN TERMS OF THE SYSTEM PARAMETERS IS DEVELOPED.  BASED ON THE DEVELOPED EQUATIONS, THE OPTIMUM PARAMETERS OF THE ACV THAT LEAD TO MINIMUM SETTLING TIME ARE OBTAINED.  THE CHAOTIC BEHAVIOR OF THE HEAVE DYNAMICS IS INVESTIGATED WITH THE AID OF THE FOURIER ANALYSIS AND THE POINCARÉ MAP.  IT IS SHOWN THAT THE HEAVE DYNAMICS DOES NOT MANIFEST ANY CHAOTIC BEHAVIOR WITHIN THE SELECTED RANGE OF THE CONTROL PARAMETERS. HOWEVER, THE CUSHION PRESSURE MANIFESTED SOME CHAOTIC BEHAVIOR AT SOME VALUES OF THE SKIRT LENGTH AND MASS FLOW RATE. 

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AHMED SOWAYAN, IMAM MOHAMMAD IBN SAUD ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING MECHANICAL ENGINEERING RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

ASSISTANT PROF.