Determination of vibration acceleration mechanism and vibration load application duration from a non-biological perspective: Orthodontic Acceleration



Compared to other orthodontic acceleration methods such as drug, electric current, and laser, vibratory loading is less invasive and easier to use. But the optimal duration for vibratory load application has not been determined, nor can the alveolar bone parameters be predicted after vibratory load application. Therefore, this work examined the mechanism of vibration-accelerated alveolar bone reconstruction and established a numerical model for simulating alveolar bone damage caused by vibration loads. That is, the role of vibration load in orthodontic acceleration was analyzed, and a finite element model was established to validate the vibra-tion-accelerated orthodontic mechanism with a simulated numerical model of alveolar bone damage. The optimal duration of application was obtained for the right anterior incisor under vibratory loading of 5 N orthodontic force, 50 Hz in the gingival orientation and 0.2 cm amplitude for 120 to 140 minutes. This work is of guidance and reference significance in promoting the development of orthodontic treatment and shortening the orthodontic treatment cycle.