Formation of explosively-formed projectile with tail fins using polygonal charges



To further improve the strike accuracy and penetration power of explosively-formed projectile (EFP) after long-distance flight, a polygonal charge capable of forming EFP with tail fins was designed during the study. A model for calculating the EFP velocity was derived from the effective charge and detonation projection theories with the integration of calculus. The circumferential velocity distributions of EFP formed using polygonal charges were obtained using this model, and the mechanisms underlying the formation of tail fins were elucidated. The feasibility of using this polygonal charge to form tail fin EFP was verified by conducting multi-media soft recovery tests and numerical simulations. Furthermore, the feasibility of forming tail fin EFP using polygonal charges with different numbers of sides and the effects of the structural parameters of a hexagonal charge on the formation of tail fin EFP were investigated by simulation. The ranges of optimal values for the structural parameters of a hexagonal charge capable of forming high-performance tail fin EFPs were determined.