Quasi-Static and Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Reed Straw



Slender reed straws in nature can withstand heavy weight of reed spikes and lateral wind force, and thus show good mechanical properties, especially compression resistance and shear resistance. In the paper, the quasi-static and dynamic mechanical properties of reed straws were studied. Three influencing factors of the straws were set according to the nodes (node-containing, node-free), location section (location 1, 2, 3, 4, 5), and moisture content (low, medium, high). The tensile strength of node-free reed straws with low moisture content ranged from 55.40 to 68.14 MPa at different locations. The axial compressive strength of node-containing straws was higher than that of node-free straws, and the influence of moisture content on the axial compressive strength was more obvious. The radial compressive strength of node-containing straws is 13.00 times higher than that of node-free straws in the corresponding part. The bending strength of straws gradually increases from the top to the root, and it is further enhanced with higher moisture content. The axial impact peak load of node-containing straws is up to 1.27 times that of node-free straws, and the axial impact peak load of straws with high moisture content is 1.40 times higher than that of straws with low moisture content in the corresponding part. The radial impact strength of reed straws gradually increases from the top to the root. In terms of bending impact strength, the impact toughness of reed straws ranges from 0.030 to 0.14 J·cm2, and the specific energy absorption ranges from 1.09 to 4.35 J/kg. Because of the excellent mechanical properties, reed straws provide important material performance data for the engineering field and inspire the design of new engineering materials or structures by improving strength and reducing weight.