Safety Assessment of Insensitive and Conventional Energetic Materials using 50mm Small Standard Shaped Charges: Numerical and Experimental Insights



The detonation of conventional munitions due to accidents or hostile actions causes urban destruction and loss of life, underscoring the need for improved safety measures. This study addresses the scarcity of research in munitions safety by investigating the threat of small and medium munitions. Experimental setups using 50mm shaped charges were developed and simulated with ANSYS AUTODYN, featuring JH-2 explosive and oxygen free high conductivity copper liner. Aluminum buffer plates were added to align jet energy levels with small and medium munitions' requirements. Safety assessments of JH-2 explosive against standard charges utilized φ45x40mm JH-2 targets covered with steel. Numerical simulations employed the Lee-Tarver ignition and growth model, comparing JH-2 explosive response with insensitive explosives like LX-17 and TATB. Results showed JH-2's failure in experimental tests, corroborated by simulations, while TATB and LX-17 remained stable. This study advocates for the adoption of cost-effective, insensitive explosives in next generation weaponry to mitigate unintentional detonations.